Japan – Key Statements

Date: 21 July 2022

March 2024


  • Japan believes that REMPs should be in place before a plan of work is approved. 
  • Japan stated that test mining is required in the first place to assess and evaluate in advance environmental impacts which are reasonably considered to arise from commercial production. 
  • The delegation noted there is no need to limit timing of test mining to the period before submission of a plan of work.


  • Japan recommends including test mining in the environmental compensation fund due potential adverse impacts.


  • Japan emphasized the rights of contractors, urging protection from interference when discussing the November 2023 incident between NORI and Greenpeace. 

November 2023


  • The Japanese delegation stated that in reality, exploiting the deep seabed resources has many disadvantages compared to land-based mining, such as extensive initial investment in vessel construction and the cost for developing equipment that can operate stably under conditions unique to the deep seabed, for example, high water pressure.


  • Draft regulation 49: Japan would like to retain the reference to underwater noise and marine litter.


  • Japan believes that the suspension of exploitation activities should only occur when there is ‘serious harm’

July 2023


  • Japan stated that “provisional approval does not guarantee the commencement of the exploitation. In other words, we understand that there is broad agreement that in effect, in order to commence the exploitation of the resources of the Area formal approval of the finalized exploitation regulation is indispensable.” 
  • The delegation stated that “we all need to continue our utmost efforts to adopting the rules and regulations.”

March 2023


  • We must try to get regulations in place by July. 

July/August 2022


  • Recognized that “the ISA is an organization in transition to an exploitation phase and the Council works towards adoption of regulations for exploitation of mineral resources in the Area” which they “fully support.”
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